Braunbuch DDR – Nazis in der DDR

Olaf Kappelt,  1981, Reichmann Verlag, Berlin (West) 1981. ISBN 3-923137-00-1


Excerpt from

  • Arnold, Richard

Born 21 October 1885 in Naschhausen-Orlamünde, died 03.03.1966

Before 1945:

(From 1913), from 1913 middle school teacher in Roda, 1914 passed the rectors’ examination, from June 1915 participated in the First World War, from September 1915 onwards Russian war prison, 1920 Return from the Russian war in Siberia, leave of absence from the debt service, study in Jena and Leipzig, 1923 Doctorate to Dr. phil. At the University of Leipzig, 1924 Re-entry into the Thuringian Obligation, special adviser for vocational counseling and economics instruction, vocational school teacher in Gera, temporary deputy school council, from 1928 lecturer and Regierungsrat in the Department of Education at the Thuringian Ministry of National Education and Justice. On 1.4.1933 entry into the NSDAP, member no. 1 792 249, member of the NSDAP local groups Weimar (Gau Thüringen) and Berlin, member of the SA, promotion to the SA-Oberscharführer, member of the Nazi Teaching Association since 1933 and member of NSV since 1.7.1934, promotion to the Ministerialrat, Until 1939 Head of the Ministry of Education of the Land of Thuringia, 1936 Visiting the State School for Leadership and Politics in Bad Berka, a member of the National Socialist Corps (NSFK) since 1937, 1938 Adolf Hitler’s diplomatic service to honor the honorary title The preliminary examinations of the police officers, from 1939 to 1945 ministerial council in the Reichsministerium for science, education and Volksbildung in Berlin.

Simon Wiesenthal quoted from his resume, in which Arnold himself confessed: “responsible for a complete Entjudung of German intellectual life. This de-Judgment is not only to be carried out by personnel, by the elimination of all Jews and Jews from science, education, and popular culture. It is about the eradication of any trace Jewish spirit of German culture “.

After 1945:

A new political activity, an entry into the NDPD, a lecturer at the Hochschule für Nationale Politik in Waldsieversdorf, then the editorial secretary of the theoretical organ of the NDPD “The national democrat”, Chairman of the National Front of the GDR in Berlin-Treptow The nation, in the GDR-national newspaper his work is correspondingly appreciated: “Their example gave clarity, strength and courage to many members of the urban middle class and former members of the NSDAP.”

Awards: Honorary Cross for Front Fighters, Loyalty Service Medals (1938), Patriotic Order of Merit of the GDR in Bronze

  • Ball, Kurt Herwarth

Born: 07.09.1903 in Berlin

Before 1945:

Landwirtssohn, 1920/21 and 1921/22 Visit to the Agricultural Winter School in Angermünde, 1924 Member of the Board of the German National People’s Party (DNVP), 1924/25 Co-founder and chairman of the Junglandbundes in the district of Angermünde, participation in the Küstriner Putsch, 1925/1926 Head of the journal The Angermünder Zeitung, member of the Alldeutsche Verband, 1930 Managing Director of the DNVP in Rathenow, Braunschweig and Beeskow, on 1.5.1933 entry into the NSDAP, member no. 3 545 700, block assassin of the NSDAP. From January 1, 1932 to December 31, 1935, chief editor of the national and anti-Semitic SS magazine “Hammer”, co-operation with the SS-Zentralorgane Schwarze Corps and the newspapers “Freiheitskampf” (Saxony), Germany’s renewal, “Brown Post” A permanent member of the Reichsenderder Leipzig in the department “Weltanschauung”, partly a journalistic activity under the pseudonym “Jochen Dreetz” or “Joachim Draetz”, author of numerous folklore novels, which after 1945 were on the “List of Literature to be Discriminated” (1938), “Der blinde Bauer” (1939), the Reichsender Leipzig described in a contribution on 30.4.1936 Balls books As “the war memorials of the Nordic spirit”, the training office of the SS recommended his books as a reading, radio author with the Reichsender Leipzig (among other things “flags of fame – worn in honor”, “probation is victory”) As a “secret Reichsache”, declared for the Reichsicherheitshauptamt (Ausbildungstelle Leipzig), 1940 voluntary report to a propaganda company, a member of the Police Police Reserve Leipzig, temporarily during the Second World War in The Hague for the Weltanschschaul supervision of the Ordnungspolizei, SS-Kriegsbeichterstatter, Kriegsinsätze in Italy, France, Yugoslavia and the Eastern Front.

After 1945:

Confiscation of his property in Leipzig due to his Nazi burdens, temporary work at a foundry in Leipzig, cultural journalist at the “Leipziger Volkszeitung”, entry into the NDPD in early 1949 and admission as a freelance writer by the city of Leipzig FDGB, working writer on behalf of the FDGB in a large textile company, from 1949 NDPD local association chairman in Leipzig, 1950 Referent activity for the National Front in Leipzig, 1948 Entry into the Kulturbund and co-founder of a writer’s activity in the GDR cultural association, author of about 13 books, The publishing house “and” publisher of the nation “appeared in 1951, joined the Society for German-Soviet Friendship (DSF) in 1951, and edited the Leipzig supplement of the GDR-National-Zeitung in 1949 to 1952 Stadtbezirksverordneter in Leipzig-West, co-operation with the GDR peace council, 1963 head of the circle of writing workers in the VEB-Braunkohlenwerk Profen b. Zeitz, secretary of the GDR Writers’ Union in the district of Leipzig from 1964, he welcomed the occupation of the CSSR in various journalistic statements in order to restore “peace and order”.

Awards: Badge of Honour of the National Front of the GDR (1957)

  • Bretschneider, Anneliese


Before 1945:

Since 1924 in Marburg, working on the basic work “German language Atlas”, in 1932 she joined the NSDAP, took on important research assignments in the Kulturpolitisches Archiv of the Rosenberg Office, wrote expert reports on professional colleagues, in 1939 she founded the “Brandenburgisch-Berlinische Wörterbuch” ), Served as a co-worker to the German Foreign Office in order to assert claims of ownership against Poland by means of scientific foundation, acquired an early scientific reputation as an NS-linguist, especially by her ideologically one-sidedly written “German Dialectics”.

After 1945:

Further work on linguistic research projects, especially for the “Brandenburg-Berlinische Wörterbuch”, 1957 Lehrauftrag at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, appointment as professor in Potsdam, member of the GDR Academy of Sciences.

  • Dreßler-Andreß, Horst

Born 08.04.1899 in Zeitz on the 19 th of December 1979 in Berlin

Before 1945:

Tischlersohn, activity in a leather factory, from 1917/18 volunteer in the 1st world war in an infantry regiment, afterwards the first literary activity, visit of the Reinhardt school of the German theater in Berlin, director at the Theater am Kurfürstendamm in Berlin, 1925 to 1928 at the theater in Gera, on 1.5.1930 entry into the NSDAP, member no. The founder of the nationals socialist group movement of artists and intellectual workers, since 1929 founder and leader of the National Socialist Broadcasting Policy “, head of the National Socialist Workers’ Organization (NSBO) Rundfunkabteilung der Reichsleitung der NSDAP, 1932 NSDAP-Member of the Prussian Landtag. From 1933 to 1938 Head of the Reichsministerium (Reichsministerium) for public enlightenment and propaganda in the rank of a ministerial council as well as president of the Reichsrundfunkkammer, 1934 founder and from 1934 to 1937 Reichspuntleiter of the NS-community “Kraft durch Freude” (KdF) , October 1938 Retirement postponed.

The head of the Jewish Documentation Centre in Vienna, Simon Wiesenthal, recognized in Dreßler-Andreß the author of ideological writings, ” including ‘The Broadcasting – the proclamation means the National Socialist ideological unity’ and ‘The Broadcasting – the instrument of the new state’. In a letter to Heinrich Himmler, the notorious mass-murderer SS Obergruppenführer Kurt Daluege highlighted the merits of Horst Dressler-Andress ‘around the radio’ particularly.

1934 Author of the book “German Culture in the Third Reich.” From 1940, member of the German Army, in Poland to secure the Governor General, May to September 1940 participated in the campaign in France, since September 1940 Propaganda of the NSDAP in Lublin, Simon Wiesenthal “This administrative district was owned by the mass extermination camps Majdanek and Belzec”, from 8.5.1941 head of the executive office 2 to work area 2 of the NSDAP in Krakow, from August 1941 commissioner of the NSDAP in Lviv, construction of the NSDAP organization in the Galizien district, April 1943 author of a propaganda memorandum on the “Ten-Year National Day of German Labor”, since October 1943, the head of the Propaganda Department of the District of Cracow, who was freed by the Government of the General Government for the party service, Since March 1945 likewise illness of its children, therefore settled in Steinach / Thuringia.

After 1945:

Political activism, economic helpers and writers, confessed in the course of his denazification proceedings to “scientific socialism as the only possible way of solving the social problem” and was classified as a “minor burdenor in the probation group” in March 1948. In 1948 the decisive factor was the construction of the NDPD He was a member of the NDPD’s Chief Executive of the NDPD, an employee of the National Council of the National Front of the GDR, and participated in the advertising campaign for the formation of the GDR Armed Forces, lecturer in the districts of Rostock, Schwerin and Neubrandenburg, from 1959 director in Eisenach, from 1962 Supreme conductor in Meiningen, from 1963/64 in Eisenhüttenstadt, then artistic director of the Workers’ Theater.

Awards: Commander’s Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy (1937), War Merit Cross (. 1st class), Order of Merit of the GDR (1969)

  • Funke, Heinz

Born: 06.05.1911 in Waldenburg / Saxony died: 03.04.1993

Before 1945:

German, German, English, French, German, French, Italian, Spanish, French, German, French, Italian, 121 347, SS-member in Würzburg, promotion to SS-Scharführer, doctorate to Dr. med., On 1.5.1937 entry into the NSDAP, member no. 4 846 055, member of the NSDAP-Ortsgruppe Osterburg (Gau Magdeburg-Anhalt), from 1936 medical assistant and from 1938 1st assistant physician at the city hospital in Osterburg, medical officer of the German Labor Front (DAF), member of the Medical Association Magdeburg-Anhalt With the leadership of the SS-Sanitäts-Staffel 1/17, from 1939 member of the Sanitäts-Ersatz-Abteilung 11 in Bückeburg, veterinarian of the German Wehrmacht, participant in the 2nd World War on the Western Front and on the Russian campaign.

After 1945:

In 1951 he became a member of the GDR district, Dresden, and was a delegate at the 6 th SED Party Congress, from 1955 medical director and chief physician of the district hospital in Görlitz, appointment to the Obermedizinalrat.

Awards: Meritorious People’s Doctor (1952), activist, medal “For excellence”, among others

  • However,

geb .: 06.10.1893 in Gruna in Delitzsch / Saxony , d .: 01/05/1970

Before 1945:

Born on the manor Grunabei Delitzsch, studying law and political science and economics at the Universities of Leipzig, Munich, Würzburg and Halle, Promotion to Dr. jur. And Dr. rer. pol., 1917 Government Speaker in Kyritz, conn. Regierungsassessor in Potsdam, mayor in Meyenburg and from 1919 district administrator in Torgau, German national Member of the Saxon provincial Landtag, from 1924 member of the German Reichstag, until 1929 member of the German National People’s Party (DNVP) President of the German Landgemeinage, 1930 co-founder and member of the Christian-National Peasant and Landvolk Party, again a member of the German Reichstag, lecturer at the Landwirtschaftshochschule Berlin. Member of the Reichswirtschaftsrat, 1932 Member of the Reichsregierung Schleicher, 1933 MEMORIAL OF THE REICHSGREGATION ADOLF HITLER, Reichskommissar for employment procurement, arrested for the imprisonment of 1.2 million Reichsmark and sentenced to two and a half years imprisonment, 1935 imprisonment, 1944/45 imprisoned.

After 1945:

E rneute political activity, from 1945 to 1946 Head of the Interior Department of the province of Saxony-Anhalt, change in the British zone and entering the CDU, from December 1946 to April 1947 Interior Minister of Lower Saxony, on 14/04/1947 resign as interior minister after allegations of his Affiliation to the Cabinets Schleicher and Hitler, Geschäftsf. Chairman of the CDU’s National Association of Lower Saxony, July 1947 Elected to the district leadership of the CDU, from June 1948 to June 1950 Deputy Prime Minister and Lower Saxony Minister of Agriculture, 1950 Member of the board of the communist “Gesamtdeutsche Arbeitskreis für Land- und Forstwirtschaft” 1950 negotiations in East Berlin and meeting with Walter Ulbricht, then June 1950 confidence by CDU parliamentary group, resignation as Minister of Agriculture and Deputy. Prime Minister of Lower Saxony, exclusion from the CDU, 1950 entry into the League of expellees and disenfranchised (BHE) in Lower Saxony, Chairman of BHE parliamentary group 1951 exclusion from the BHE,
1951-1952 deputy of the German-social party in Lower Saxony.

July 1952 moved to the GDR, entry into the CDU, 1954-1970 member of the Bureau of the nATIONAL COUNCIL of nATIONAL FRONT GDR , Until 1969 President of the Center for Breeding and Performance Tests of the full blood and trotting horses of the GDR, from 1955 Vice President of the International Meeting of the Vollblutzucht, 1956 to 1969 district chairman of the National Front of the GDR in the district Frankfurt / Oder, 1969 until 1970 honorary president of the center office for Horse breeding at the council for agricultural production and food industry of the GDR.

Publication: “I was königl I preu ß ischer District” (Agitation Committee to the National Council of the National Front, Berlin 1970)

Awards: Patriotic Order of Merit of the GDR in Gold (1963), among others

  • Gerstner, Karl-Heinz

geb .: 15.11.1912 in Berlin-Charlottenburg

Before 1945:

Ambassador, 1930-1931 Foreign residence in the USA, student of the Deutsche Bank, study of economics and jurisprudence, on 1.5.1933 Entry into the NSDAP, member no. 2 673 178, a member of the NSDAP local group Berlin and the NSDAP foreign organization, a member of the German Labor Front (DAF) and from 1934 on the National Socialist National Social Assistance (NSV), and from 1935 onwards as a court attorney, respectively three-month stay in Italy and Spain, 1934 Until 1937 in Berlin-Charlottenburg, temporary activity at the chamber court, 1937 doctorate to Dr. jur. At the University of Erlangen, from 1935 member of the National Socialist Covenant, member of the diplomatic service, from 1937 to 1939 work in France, among others for the German Chamber of Commerce in Paris, Political Director of the NSDAP in propaganda apparatus of the NSDAP foreign organization, 1939-1940 again in Berlin-Charlottenburg , From 1941 legation secretary at the German embassy in Paris, employee of the economic department of the German Embassy, 1944/45 coworker in the Reichsausse Ministry in Berlin, according to an assessment of the Auslandsabteilung of the Reichsministerium for Volksaufklärung and propaganda was Gerstner “extraordinarily efficient” and “readily” suited “to hear prisoners and make translations.”

The head of the Jewish Documentation Centre in Vienna, Simon Wiesenthal, wrote about Gerstner: “Its special patrons included Ambassador Otto Abetz (for war crimes to 20 years in prison sentenced) and standartenführer Helmuth bone. Dr. Gerstner wrote a series of pamphlets about the Wehrmacht, but he is au ch have maintained contact with the Resistance. The resistance group Pierre Reval and Jacques Robinet claimed to have evidence that he sic h as an agent provocateur operated. A pamphlet written by Dr Gerstner at that time for the Wehrmacht is entitled ‘Verniggertes Frankreich’. “

After 1945:

E rneute political activity, joining the KPD later in the SED, 1945 Deputy. District Citizens Most r in Berlin-Wilmersdorf (British sector) , sold for misrepresentation in CV, detention in NKVD camps Hohenschönhausen and in January 1946 release, from the fall of 1946 Speaker in the German Central Administration for Foreign trade 1947 persönl Icher Speaker by President Josef Orlopp, 1950-1982 member of the editorial board of the “Berliner Zeitung” in East Berlin, 1961-1972 Chef reports r the “Berliner Zeitung”, from 1956 to 1959 member Central Committee of the East German Association of journalists working for the East German Ministry for State Security (Stasi) as Informal employees (IM) under the operational name “Knights”, 1965-1978 moderator of the TV program “Prisma”, 1955-1988 commentator at Radio DDR, conn. Retirement.

Awards: Medal Banner of Labor (1969), Patriotic Order of Merit of the GDR in bronze (1965), silver (1972) and gold (1982), Honor Clasp to the Patriotic Order of Merit (1987

Author: MariusB

Knowledge worker in Computing Science and Engineering

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